What are the 8 basic principles of graphics and layout?

These design principles work together to create something that is aesthetically pleasing and optimizes the user experience. If you want your designs to look sharp, then using contrast should be the top priority. This could mean using opposite colors, such as black and white, to make the text attract readers' attention; making one look thick and another thin; or simply using large and small shapes to make someone sit and pay attention when looking at an advertisement or newspaper on public transport. Play with colors, fonts, and text sizes to see what works best.

Contrast is a great way to express your creativity within the limits of the key principles of graphic design. Using repetition allows you to create coherence, giving your designs for a brand or client (or even just for yourself) an aspect that can be easily discerned. This could mean using the same fonts and text sizes in a single design or campaign, or using color swatches to find a favorite shade that can be used everywhere, whether in the background, for text, or in borders and frames. Repetition will also help to flesh out any message, leaving consumers and readers unsure of what you're selling or displaying.

It's worth learning the basics about color before you start designing. That means understanding color theory, starting from knowing that red can provoke anger and that blue is used to induce a calming effect. Extracting specific colors from an image for use in the text of a design is a great way to start. The design software will help you do this easily, while many tools will also give you advice on what colors work well together.

Do it right and your work will quickly attract attention. Balance brings stability and structure to an overall design. To better understand it, think that there is weight behind each of your design elements. Shapes, text boxes and images are the elements that make up your design, so it's important to be familiar with the visual weight of each of those elements.

However, this does not mean that the elements should always be evenly distributed or that they should be the same size, the balance is symmetric or asymmetric. Symmetric balance occurs when the weight of the elements is evenly divided on both sides of the design, while asymmetric balance uses scale, contrast, and color to achieve fluidity in the design. It's not just about eye-catching when it comes to good design. There must be a balance between form and function.

Good design improves a space while working efficiently. It combines functionality and elegance effortlessly. Design trends are constantly changing. You can deconstruct good design into principles that determine the outcome.

Consider placing the most important information in the center or making it the most important part of the design, using an attractive font, or using bold or contrasting colors to capture the reader's attention. Think about the design of a restaurant's website; people tend to focus on the menu, the gallery, the prices and the information about the ingredients to put more emphasis on this part. Asymmetric visual balance occurs when the visual weight is intentionally and carefully unbalanced between the two sides. When this happens, you'll normally use white space to balance the other side of the graphic.

Negative space, on the other hand, is the area between objects. The term “negative space” is also used for white space. In principle of design, copy space is also an example of space. This is the blank space where the designer can place their text.

Therefore, it is crucial to create a perfect design that achieves the right balance between these types of spaces. The same thing happens when you want to combine more than one element. Be sure to maintain the hierarchy when prioritizing any design section. When properly maintained, it allows the brand to focus only on the priority elements of the design.

Among its features are highlighting titles, important messages, focusing on images and many others. To help viewers identify where to start looking, the hierarchy creates a visual organization in the design. You can organize items such as headings, captions, and main content. The hierarchy in a design must be maintained in this way.

It should be applied when combining different elements. Be sure to maintain the hierarchy of any design section that you want to prioritize. In general, alignment refers to aligning design elements along the top, bottom, or sides of the design. Aligned elements are not required to be of the same type.

Left-aligned elements are normally placed along the left side of the design. A group of photos of different sizes appears as a unit when aligned at the top or bottom. Repetitive elements strengthen the overall design and are a fundamental component of any design. It doesn't matter if you're designing a website, a poster or a business logo, it allows you to create rhythm.

Likewise, a multi-page book, magazine, or website is more likely to benefit from repetition. This gives the user a better sense of coherence and a better visual experience. You can even apply this concept when designing patterns. This refers to the distribution of graphic design elements, such as shapes, text boxes, and images, of a design evenly in a given design.

Designers can choose between a balanced (stable) design or an unbalanced (dynamic) design. In the context of graphic design, balance is of three types. This fundamental aspect of a design that creates a visual connection between elements such as images, shapes or blocks of text. Alignment helps develop a crisp, uncluttered appearance by eliminating any distortion in the design.

Represent the scale of each element by comparing their proportion and focusing on the elements that can have a strong impact on users. The rhythm brings together different elements to create a more organized and coherent appearance. The repetition of certain elements, such as logos or color, can help make a brand easily recognizable and strengthen the overall look. Rhythm is classified into two types; proximity helps to order the overall design by creating a relationship between related elements.

Creates a visual connection between important design factors such as color, font, type or size, ensuring that the design is balanced to form a perfect design. It allows the audience to have a pleasant overview of what they are seeing, thus offering a good user experience. Choosing the right color can help define the tone of the design. Designers can choose from a wide range of color combinations for the background and text of the design.

Space refers to the area around or between the various elements of the design. It can be used to create shapes or highlight important aspects of a design. Graphic designers use a color palette to choose colors that can create contrast or even work together to complement other elements. Adding graphics to your design can help you show off your creative skills and make a good impression on your customers.

However, it's not just the graphic presentation or the creative concept that makes a design great. Graphic design courses can equip students with the skills needed to apply for a position in the fields of advertising or marketing in all business sectors. Once you're an expert graphic designer who understands the basics of design, it's time to break some of those rules. Globally, many companies hire highly qualified graphic designers who can help them connect with their audience and create a strong relationship.

Graphic design plays a fundamental role in building the brand and, at the same time, in the exhibition of its skills. This guide to graphic design principles will guide you in the right direction by getting back to the basics. .

Maya Jones
Maya Jones

General food aficionado. Amateur food evangelist. Passionate zombie enthusiast. Wannabe web trailblazer. Wannabe bacon advocate. Incurable music enthusiast.